Nam Dinh - Low Carbon Agriculture Project contributes to reduce rural environmental pollution

: Tuesday - 22/11/2016 10:20  |  Viewed: 1396
Environmental pollution caused by livestock is mainly caused by solid waste, liquid waste, dust, noise, dead animals and dead poultry. Currently, there are only 20% of the total farms in the province. Farms are built in concentrated areas, the rest are located near or intermingled residential areas. Total pigs of the province

Construction of biogas works in a household in My Phuc commune (My Loc).

Before this situation, the province has planned 139 concentrated livestock. At the same time, take full advantage of all resources to invest in solving the issue of livestock waste for sustainable development. From October to 2013, the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DOFI) implemented the Low Carbon Agricultural Support Project (LCASP) funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) across the province with the aim of improving quality management. Disposal of livestock, increased use of waste and by-products to create clean energy sources and organic fertilizers, reduce environmental pollution. From the very beginning of the project, PMU collaborated with provincial and district information and communication agencies to disseminate information to the farmers about the project. . Coordinate with mass organizations, localities to hold conferences and integrate them into local conferences and mass organizations to disseminate the benefits of participating in the project to the farmers. , Local leaders from province to hamlet. Thanks to the propaganda, many livestock producers have access to the project, helping them overcome the environmental pollution caused by animal waste, and increase the economic efficiency of the family. Thanks to saving fuel costs. After 3 years of implementation, the LCASP project has provided financial support to livestock producers to build 3,465 biogas plants, bringing the total number of biogas plants to 12,000. works. At the same time, technical support for more than 3,000 livestock farmers in the operation of biogas plant to treat animal waste, environmental protection. Mr. Tran Cong Loc, My Ha Commune (My Loc) for many years attached to pig farming said: "My pigsty usually feeds 60-70 pigs each without biogas digesters. Waste is a serious environmental pollution. When the project supported 3 million, I invested 9 million more to build biogas reactor capacity 9m3. Pig waste is brought into the biogas pit so it does not smell. Biodegradable waste water is re-used to irrigate crops; Debris from biogas digester is also a very good organic compost so I do not have to buy fertilizers for plants. Seeing the effect, I continue to invest in the construction of 4 more biogas tanks, increasing the total capacity to 45m3 to handle the waste of the current number of pigs. Thanks to the biogas cellar, since then, my cages are always clean, people no longer complain. In addition, my orchard consumes less money to buy fertilizer at the flowering plants. " In addition to saving the fertilizer, the amount of gas generated from the cellar is also used by the Loc family for cooking. According to calculations of Loc, his family uses gas for cooking, it costs about 150 thousand per month. When building a biogas digester, his family saved 1.8 million dong of gas every year. Not only the amount of gas, his family does not use so he also helps the near relatives who need to invest in gas pipes for use. Like Mr. Loc, many farmers have built and used biogas tanks when supported by the project, such as: Tran Trong Ban, My Ha Commune (My Loc); Pham Sy Tien, Hoanh Son (Giao Thuy); Nguyen Van Toan, Hai Anh Commune (Hai Hau) ... excited to benefit many things. "The cost of buying gas, fertilizers for more than 1 crop, every year my family saved about 15-20 million for those. That is not to mention the reduction of environmental pollution from the breeding "- Vu Thi Hanh, Hai Tan (Hai Hau) shared. Mr. Nguyen Trong Tan, Project Coordinator said: Since its implementation, the LCASP project has contributed to overcoming environmental pollution in livestock raising and creating clean and beautiful landscapes. At the same time create biogas energy source for daily living; It contributes to the liberation of labor for women and children without the use of straw, rice husks and fuel for cooking. Utilization of bio-organic fertilizers from wastewater and biogas residues in agriculture helps to improve soil by using inorganic fertilizers. Due to the problem of environmental pollution caused by livestock, there has been limited conflict of lawsuits between farmers and surrounding population, contributing to ensuring social order and safety in rural areas.

In addition to supporting the construction of biogas plants, the LCASP project has also opened 25 training courses for 750 households composting measures in the event that the amount of waste exceeds the treatment capacity of the biogas plant. Study or for households without biogas works. Ms. Nguyen Thi Nhai, Hai Son Commune (Hai Hau) said: Throughout the training course, I was instructed both in theory and practice of waste treatment measures outside the biogas plant. This has helped me partially solve the problem of environmental pollution caused by the breeding activities of the family. At the same time create organic fertilizer for the crop, reduce the use of inorganic fertilizers for the land. In the transfer of low-carbon agricultural production technology, the project has opened 20 training courses for 588 people, including district extension workers, commune officials, and typical farmers. Livestock waste such as compost compost, cinnamon worm culture ... This will be the nucleus team to continue propaganda and guidance to other breeding households to apply.

After 3 years of implementation, the LCASP project, with the support of the PPC, the effective coordination of departments, unions and farmers should have a positive effect. The awareness of livestock farmers changes, raising awareness about the requirements of domestic economic development associated with good waste treatment and environmental protection. According to the project plan ending in June 2019, will provide financial support for the construction of 4,700 biological works; To build 1-2 models of low-level animal husbandry farms towards VietGAP standards; 9-10 pilot demonstration models for comprehensive management of animal waste and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions will be developed. This will help the province to build a sustainable, efficient and sustainable agricultural production. Good with

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