Development of dairy cattle in association with environmental protection

: Thursday - 23/06/2016 10:20  |  Viewed: 1265
In the plan to restructure Soc Trang's agricultural sector from now to 2020 approved by the Soc Trang Province People's Committee, dairy cows are one of the priority livestock development. Along with increasing dairy herds, the province has put forward many solutions to limit environmental pollution.
Soc Trang has been producing dairy cows since 2004 with an initial number of 477. Up to now, the province has more than 5,000 dairy herds, of which nearly 1,900 are lactating and the daily milk production is about 20.5 tons. Each household raised from 2 children to nearly 20 children, with one dairy cow, earning nearly VND100,000 per day. Dairy cows are concentrated in Khmer areas in Tran De, My Xuyen, My Tu and Chau Thanh districts. The economic efficiency of dairy herds has contributed significantly to the program of reducing the poor households, increasing the rich households of the province.

Mr. Lam Kim Quoc has two dairy cows, he is very happy with the daily income from this animal. But what he is concerned about is the environment around the house is heavily polluted, cow dung part he gathered up pile next to the barn, the rest emitted in the prison pond. Waste slow decomposition, smell bad, mosquito fly. "I raise cows, but the excreted waste of cattle does not know how to treat because the cow wastes pollute the environment, so mosquitoes fly too much."

Agriculture and local authorities encourage farmers to dig pits, build tunnels to collect wastes and treat them with bio-preparations to limit environmental pollution. As one of the 10 provinces in the country implemented the project: "Low Carbon Agriculture Support" funded by the Asian Development Bank, Soc Trang is supported to build biogas works (commonly called biogas) ) Between 2014 and 2019 with 3,600 small works of 4 m3 to 49 m3.

My Tu district has the second highest number of dairy cows in the province with more than 1,800 children. This year, the low carbon project allocated 110 biogas plants, each of which is supported 3 million. Mrs. Tang Thi Quyen in Ta An A 2 village, Thuan Hung commune raising 6 dairy cows. Prior to the environmental pollution caused by cattle waste, she registered to implement biogas. The 10 m3 silage tunnel costs over VND23 million, but she is happy that the environment is improved and that the gas is used. Previously, although the family is cooking very economical, have to use wood stove, but every month also exhausted 12 kg gas. Since having biogas, it saves a lot. "Since the bigas are comfortable, they do not run out of gas, and before flies, they are much better now, and I like to use biogas," she said.

Biogas biogas plant project implemented under the new design was recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development as technical progress. Highlights in the biogas system is equipped with steam filter, gas filter so that when operating gas without smell, gas and green gas safety when used:

Mr. Pham Minh Tu, Deputy Director of Plant Protection Station in My Tu district said: "For safety reasons, the households participating in the project are technically trained so they do not worry. Time spent using this kind of bioas 10 years, if good preservation can use for longer.

Biogas biogas plant has many practical benefits for livestock producers and contributes to environmental protection. However, up to now, My Tu district has only 12 registered households. According to the local government, the reason is due to the capital construction of high biogas plant, type 4.2 m3 is 10 million, 10 m3 type over 20 million. Meanwhile, the amount of support from the project is 3 million VND, without a loan, the farmer can not afford to invest.

Mr. Huynh Van Do, Vice Chairman of People's Committee of Thuan Hung Commune said: "It is suggested to mobilize agricultural support funds for people to borrow biogas. And consider lending to the right subjects, check the proper construction techniques for people to build biogas use well, safe.

The Low Carbon Agriculture Project contributes to sustainable, efficient and environmentally friendly agriculture. Towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions, mitigating the effects of climate change. In addition to the efficient use of resources and waste in agriculture, improving the quality of life of rural people.
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