Waste management in livestock - Urgent employment of highland people in Si Ma Cai

: Thursday - 11/05/2017 00:49  |  Viewed: 224
Si Ma Cai is one of the poorest (30a) upland districts, mainly inhabited by Mong people. The people mainly live on the farm, the area of ​​paddy fields is very little about 1,112 ha, most of the cultivation depends on weather conditions.
The total cattle of Si Ma Cai district is over 40,000, in which the herd of buffaloes, cows and horses is nearly 13 thousand. In implementation of Resolution 22 / NQ-TU, Lao Cai Provincial People's Committee has approved the cattle development investment project in Si Ma Cai district, the scale of the project until 2017 will support 100% interest rate loans to People have developed more than 10 thousand buffalos, cows and horses. Due to the livelihoods of Mong people, the majority of households still maintain large-scale, small-scale household livestock, making use of available food so slow growth, long. Many households have not paid much attention or have no conditions to build permanent stable farms, not paying attention to the treatment of environmental pollution. Most of the livestock households maintain their habit of drying their feces in front of the yard, the way to put them on the tree for fertilization or the composting and not having the treatment as composting. This mode of farming makes rural environmental hygiene unhealthy, affecting public health, waste and low income. At the same time, making it difficult to control and prevent epidemics.
 
Poor hygienic livestock directly affects public health
 
The treatment of animal waste is one of the important steps contributing to the success of the animal farmers. Properly and properly disposed waste contributes to the environmental sanitation of the livestock sector, minimizes germs in the air, and reduces the risk of disease. In contrast, waste that is not properly treated or treated is a destructive agent to the environment, causing many pathogens to arise, causing serious damage to the economy, pollution of the living environment and direct impacts. To the health of the people.

In recent years, upland villagers of Si Ma Cai in particular and people in upland area of ​​Lao Cai province have not exploited or used effectively agricultural waste byproducts to make fertilizer for crops. Microbial organic fertilizer is a fertilizer that people in the uplands can make on their own from wastes such as human, livestock and poultry waste; Straw, corn stalk, peanut, peanut, green manure ... are used to fertilize the soil to improve fertility and reduce environmental pollution. In other words, organic compost is the product of the decomposition of organic matter. Microorganisms use organic matter to develop biomass and release biodegradable organic substances.

In order to successfully implement the Resolution No. 22-NQ / TU, helping Si Ma Cai district to achieve sustainable poverty reduction, it is necessary to have the help of branches, administrations and organizations and people themselves. Exchange of awareness on the application of science and technology including measures to deal with environmental pollution of livestock.

The project to support low-carbon agriculture in Lao Cai province in addition to support for construction of biogas plants also organized classes to guide microorganic composting process from animal waste and waste by-products. Cultivation, trainees are taught in theory, watching movies and practicing composting in place. Through this, families raising livestock and poultry will have new procedures to treat and reuse livestock waste, not directly released into the environment. Minimize pollution and limit the source of disease spread.

Compost microorganism from animal waste
 
In order to well implement the contents of the project, the PPMU is well connected and strongly supported by stakeholders. Especially the Farmers' Association, the Women's Union, the Agriculture and Rural Development Bank, the Social Policy Bank, the agencies and units in State management over agriculture. All parties participate, contribute ideas, and propose solutions for local project implementation. All sectors and levels have made efforts to propagate and support farmers, change their agricultural thinking, aiming to solve thoroughly the environmental pollution caused by agricultural production in general and animal husbandry. in particular.

Through the project to support low-carbon agriculture, people in Lao Cai province in general and highland areas in Si Ma Cai district in particular will benefit directly in terms of capital, technology and environment; The indirect benefit figure is much larger. In 2016 and the coming years, the project to support low-carbon agriculture continues to implement the objectives set out, enhancing innovative methods and ways of implementation. Join hands to build a strong, safe and sustainable agriculture that goes hand in hand with reducing greenhouse gas emissions, protecting the environment and living on the planet.
                                                                                                                                                                         Laocai.gov.vn
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