Waste management in animal husbandry in upland areas

: Monday - 08/05/2017 00:32  |  Viewed: 299
Having the opportunity to work in the highlands, we often witness many bad jokes about waste in livestock. Highland people raising buffalos, cows, horses, pigs, goats ... and loose in the garden, outside the yard. Cattle and poultry run from one place to another, convenient to discharge, very unhygienic. Managing waste in livestock is an urgent job, to avoid disease, ensure environmental hygiene.
 
1. Si Ma Cai is one of the poor districts of Lao Cai province. This area is mainly inhabited by Mong people. The people mainly live on agriculture, the area of ​​paddy fields is very small, about 1,112 ha, most of cultivation depends on weather conditions.
According to Mr. Nguyen Dinh Tam - Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Lao Cai, cattle herd of Si Ma Cai district is over 40,000 children. Of these, the herds of buffaloes, cows and horses alone accounted for nearly 13,000. In implementation of Resolution 22 / NQ-TU, Lao Cai Provincial People's Committee has approved the cattle development investment project in Si Ma Cai district, the scale of the project until 2017 will support 100% interest rate loans to People have developed more than 10 thousand buffalos, cows and horses.

According to Tam, due to the livelihoods of the Mong people, most of the households still maintain large-scale, small-scale household livestock. , Prolonged feeding time.

Many households have not paid much attention or have no conditions to build permanent stable farms, not paying attention to the treatment of environmental pollution. Most of the livestock households maintain their habit of drying their feces in front of the yard, the way to put them on the tree for fertilization or the composting and not having the treatment as composting.

This form of farming makes rural sanitation unhealthy, affecting public health, waste and low income. At the same time, making it difficult to control and prevent epidemics.

"The treatment of animal waste is one of the important steps contributing to the success of the animal husbandry. Properly and properly disposed waste contributes to the environmental sanitation of the livestock sector, minimizes germs in the air, and reduces the risk of disease.

In contrast, waste that is not properly treated or treated is a destructive agent to the environment, causing many pathogens to arise, causing serious damage to the economy, pollution of the living environment and direct impacts. To the health of the people, "Tam emphasized.

In many places, people still practice collecting cow dung, cow to dry and then fertilize the crop. At that time, the odor of a large area of ​​pollution, affecting the health of the children. That is one of the causes leading to many diseases arise ...

2. In recent years, mountainous areas of Si Ma Cai in particular and highland people in Lao Cai province have not exploited or effectively utilized agricultural by-products to fertilize crops.

Microbial organic fertilizer is a fertilizer that people in the uplands can make on their own from wastes such as human, livestock and poultry waste; Straw, corn stalk, peanut, peanut, green manure ... are used to fertilize the soil to improve fertility and reduce environmental pollution. In other words, organic compost is the product of the decomposition of organic matter. Microorganisms use organic matter to develop biomass and release biodegradable organic substances.

According to Nguyen Dinh Tam, for the successful implementation of Resolution 22-NQ / TU, helping Si Ma Cai district to reduce poverty sustainably need the help of branches, administrations and organizations and The people themselves have to change their awareness about the application of science and technology, including measures to deal with environmental pollution of livestock.

The project to support low-carbon agriculture in Lao Cai province in addition to support for construction of biogas plants also organized classes to guide microorganic composting process from animal waste and waste by-products. Cultivation, trainees are taught in theory, watching movies and practicing composting in place.

Through this, families raising livestock and poultry will have new procedures to treat and reuse livestock waste, not directly released into the environment. Minimize pollution and limit the source of disease spread.

According to Tam, in order to well implement the project contents, Lao Cai PMU has been well connected and strongly supported by stakeholders. Especially the Farmers' Association, the Women's Union, the Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, the Social Policy Bank, and the state management agencies in charge of agriculture.

All parties participate, contribute ideas, and propose solutions for local project implementation. All sectors and levels have made efforts to propagate and support farmers, change their agricultural thinking, aiming to solve thoroughly the environmental pollution caused by agricultural production in general and animal husbandry. in particular.
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