Small Biogas quot; Destination quot; early

: Monday - 19/09/2016 23:20  |  Viewed: 97
Over the next two years, the Low Carbon Agricultural Support Program (LCASP) will be completed in the 2013-2015 period. However, many of the provinces implementing the project have completed the construction and installation of small biogas plants allocated. Even some LCASP provincial PMUs are asking for more thousands of indicators to meet the demand for livestock development.

The effect is obvious

According to the report of the LCASP MB in Ha Tinh province, the implementation of component 1 of the project (management of animal waste, especially construction and installation of small biogas reactors) is very convenient. Because the environment is one of the criteria for localities to build NTM. Moreover, Ha Tinh has issued a resolution to define livestock as the spearhead sector, so most of the projects related to animal husbandry environment are paid special attention by the provincial leaders.

To implement the project to achieve the best effect, the ODA Project Management Board of Agriculture and Rural Development in Ha Tinh (the unit assigned to implement the project) actively coordinates the Center for Science, Technology and Plant Protection. To raise the districts, towns and cities to jointly inspect, supervise and guide the technical construction of works to ensure the right subjects, quality ...

"Compared to the 10 provinces in the country, Ha Tinh is not the province with the most potential and advantage, but thanks to the aggression of the investors and related units, the province regularly top 3 Nguyen Xuan Hoan, Director of Ha Tinh LCASP Project Management Board said.

Currently, Ha Tinh province has built more than 4,100 biogas plants (almost all small biogas plants), concentrated in Thach Ha (600 works); Can Loc (500); Huong Son (over 400); Cam Xuyen (nearly 900) ... with total capital disbursed over 17.4 billion.

As for investment efficiency and environmental treatment of small-scale biogas plants of the project, Mr. Nguyen Xuan Hoan asserted: "The LCASP supports Ha Tinh breeders building biogas plant really very necessary. Real and effective. After nearly 3 years of implementing the project, the works that have been put into operation are recognized by the people, highly appreciated in cleaning the farm environment; Help them save on fuel costs; Reduce the pressure on the forest to cut wood and firewood and limit the incidence of diseases in the herd of cattle and poultry. "

Environmental protection of livestock

Ha Huy Khoi, Director of Cam Xuyen Center for Plant and Animal Husbandry Technology and Animal Husbandry, said that the project to hit small scale biogas plants is very appropriate and appropriate. physical. At present, the scale of animal husbandry in Cam Xuyen is mainly in the form of farm households, so the interest in environmental protection is limited. When the project supports VND3 million to build biogas tanks, households are willing to borrow more money to invest in closed works.

"The project has helped farm households reduce pressure on wastewater and odors into the environment. In Cam Xuyen, children have the flexibility to use waste water to fertilize crops effectively. Especially, thanks to the increase of closed biogas plants, the epidemic in livestock has been reduced dramatically in both quantity and quantity, "Khoi emphasized.

As a concrete example, in 2008 the blue ear pig disease occurred in Cam Binh commune (Cam Xuyen district), then spread to other localities. Total number of pigs must be destroyed up to 500 tons, damage to livestock farmers is extremely large. By 2014, in the commune will continue to occur blue ear disease but by controlling the environment so the epidemic does not spread, the number of pigs destroyed in the number 2 quintals.

Mr. Dao Xuan Vinh, Deputy Director of LCASP Bac Giang said: "Before the project, we conducted a survey and found that the whole province of Bac Giang needs to build and install about 117,000 households participating in the project. Livestock production needs to use biogas digesters to treat the environment, but at this point, the total number of biogas plants built is only 35,000 (less than one third of the total). Up to now, the project has built and installed nearly 6200 biogas plants. Without any change, by the end of the year, Bac Giang will have completed 7,000 biogas plants, which fulfilled both the initial plan of the project. Project (3,600 works) and additional plans (3,400 additional works) ". According to Vinh, the advantage of this project is that in addition to building biogas works, participants will have to invest in auxiliary items. For example, the sedimentation tank behind the biogas reactor can be used to filter the residue left before being discharged into the environment or composting compost (when the amount of waste is higher than the designed capacity of the biogas reactor).

In addition, farmers are trained on the process of operation and maintenance of biogas works. They will calculate that, with the scale of the family's livestock, choose how much biogas tanks are appropriate.

During the construction process, the technical staff of the project is closely monitored, so there is no prattle, mess or use of poor quality materials. All works are tested to achieve good quality, can use stable, long-term. Nearly 100% of the works constructed in the project are efficient.

Ask the project to allocate additional quotas

Prior to the need to build a large biogas reactor, the province of Bac Giang proposed that the project allocate 5,000 more small biogas reactors to carry out in the future to better serve the needs of local farmers. you.

In the same view, Mr. Nguyen Trong Tan, coordinator of Nam Dinh LCASP Project Management Board, said: "Small-scale biogas models are very effective. Since the application of a small-scale biogas reactor model, the environment has been greatly improved, the health of the farmers themselves and the people living around them is more assured. In addition, people also save a living cost in the family. They use gas for cooking, lighting ... At the same time solve, unleash the labor force for the women in the family.

According to Mr Huynh Ngoc Diep, Deputy Director of Binh Dinh Department of Animal Husbandry - Veterinary and Deputy Director of Binh Dinh LCASP, Binh Dinh has allocated 3,600 small scale biogas plants. However, by June 2016 Binh Dinh has implemented more than 5,200 works. In 2016 alone, Binh Dinh will complete 2,100 works.

"Biogas plants are both environmentally friendly in terms of raising livestock, helping people to save on fuel costs and save labor to clean the stall, as the pig manure is brought straight into the pit. In particular, the use of biogas in livestock has helped localities build NTMs to meet rural environment criteria, which is considered to be the most difficult to complete, "Diep said.

By the end of 2015, 2,512 small-scale biogas plants were located in An Nhon town (Binh Dinh province). The plan for 2016 in this locality will build 475 more works, so far has made 330 works.

According to Doan Tuan Sy, deputy head of economic section of An Nhon town, this locality has a strong movement of livestock production from many years ago, but the animal husbandry has not paid much attention to the environment in animal husbandry. Since the support of the LCASP project, pig farmers have begun to pay close attention to the environment in animal husbandry and the construction of biogas plants. Up to now, about 70% of An Nhon TX households and farms have qualified for the LCASP project to support the construction of biogas plants.

Biogas digesters not only solve the environment in the household but also solve the surrounding environment.

"The subsidy of VND 3 million per project is not enough to build a biogas reactor, but it has stimulated livestock farmers to pay attention to environmental issues in livestock.

Hence, livestock producers are willing to invest tens of millions more depending on the number of livestock to build biogas reactors. This demonstrates that the environmental awareness of farmers has been elevated by the LCASP project, "said Doan Tuan Sy.

The report of the LCASP MB in Soc Trang province says that the project's target for the whole period of 2013-2018 is to support the construction of 3,600 small biogas plants. Up to now, investing in small-scale biogas plants, the majority of people have confirmed the efficiency and benefits, but for large-scale biogas plants, the farmers are still disturbed.

After the implementation of the second year, the project was evaluated very effectively, the need to build biogas tunnel of large people, so the project adjusted the scale of construction works to reach 5,700 tunnels (implementation time to 2019).

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