Rice remains the staple in the Mekong Delta

: Friday - 07/10/2016 23:20  |  Viewed: 174
In September, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development coordinated with the Southwest Steering Committee to hold meetings with leaders of provinces, sectors ... related to linking agricultural development of the region. In the Mekong Delta.

Harvesting rice in the West

Traveling from Ca Mau Peninsula, Long Xuyen Quadrangle to the areas along the Tien River, Hau River. Every region has its own characteristics of fruit trees, aquatic products and rice. However, the calculation table finally shows that rice still occupies a large area that can not be ignored in all regions. Overall, the Mekong Delta has a natural area of ​​about 4 million hectares. With the exception of water surface, roads, residential areas and mangroves, about 1.9 million hectares are still available for agricultural production. The major part is used to grow rice. The fruit trees under the latest planning also reached the number of 185,100ha. If the reality in 2015 - 2016, the area of ​​rice cultivation DX to 1,590,538ha, summer rice 1,677,884ha, the 843,140ha and 225,238ha crop. Including the whole area, the whole year was 4,308,644ha of rice, producing 25,901,087 tons of paddy. And more than 95% of the country's exported paddy rice is also derived from this source. Vietnamese rice seeds have also contributed to highlight the Vietnamese name in the international arena as well. However, when compared to other plants and animals, the economic efficiency of rice is still low. Those who grow rice on a narrow area are still living in poverty. As a result, the government as well as the authorities agree to convert some of the inefficient paddy land into other crops and raise the children more economically. Rice farmers want the same. And so, where, people always ask the question: "What plants, raising children to be more effective than rice?" And so far the question has not answered satisfactory. In fact, many years ago, when the policy of not transferring paddy land to other crops became effective, many farmers had silently abandoned other crops (such as transplanting dragon fruit, Or other fruit trees). That means that the farmers are very sensitive, not wait for the policy to switch. On the wetland is the hometown of rice, if the rice instead of rice, vegetables, jujube, vegetables, sen, and jute, then the trees can live. But is the product made available when everyone grows such a product? However, the question of what to plant on wetland replaces the rice that is effective, where the product is sold, is stable then scientists, economists, politicians or entrepreneurs. The answer is not how the farmers dare to switch. Say, converting ineffective rice-growing areas into other plants that can succeed is also a land of rice and then growing one or two crops. Such lands are also being exploited.

The structures of a rotational rice crop with hybrid corn are also only effective on alluvial soil. However, in the way of scraping and manual labor, the high price is still not competitive. This lesson is not strange. Right in the red land of Xuan Loc, Dong Nai is very suitable for corn, but this case still falls into the situation "foreign corn crushed corn". In difficult areas where rice is ineffective, but other crops are more effective, more investment is needed in irrigation or field construction, land reclamation and reorganization. Products at reasonable prices can be exploited. Freshwater aquaculture? Over that area of ​​catfish but also encountered many obstacles in the market, who dare to exploit more in the field, surrounded by rice fields. Therefore, the parboiled rice is still disgusted, rejected, but proud to shine on the fields flooded. Because it is not planted to know what to plant. In retrospect, rice remains a viable and stable crop even as climate change is increasingly complex. Growing rice requires only enough water, so sowing and caring are harvested. Normally, each harvest earns at least 10 million VND / ha. If the technology is reasonable, the profit may be 18-20 million. And if you hit the winning price again, the profit is higher. The evidence is HT 2016, long-term salinity is encountered, but 5 farmers in Giong Village, Huyen Hoi Commune, Cang Long District, Tra Vinh have volunteered to participate in intelligent rice production model, responding to Climate change by the National Center for Agricultural Extension in collaboration with Binh Dien Fertilizer Joint Stock Company has proven that if production according to the level of technical knowledge of the children have accumulated, the profit earned 14 , 4 million / ha, profit rate reached 46.5%. If using new technology, the profit is 18.5 million VND / ha, although the dry paddy price is only 5,000 VND / kg (the rate is 54.4%). In the DX case, the profit from rice cultivation is higher (20-25 million VND / ha). While the Ngô Lai plantation at Co Noi, Son La, this year because of the low price, only VND 10,525,000 / ha was earned. And on the fertile red soil of Xuan Loc, Dong Nai, despite the 11 tons of fresh maize, earned only VND15 million / ha. Before the situation has not found any trees, what substitutes for rice to get higher profits, the right action and thought and civilization is to find ways to help farmers improve the efficiency of rice cultivation to increase income. Enter and increase profits for them; Reduced criticism of lack of scientific and practical basis as well as slogan slurs the will of the rice growers ... ...

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